Cover art by Dixon Scott

Croesus and the Witch

Vinnette Carroll, music and lyrics by Micki Grant

This play is included in the collection:


Piano/Vocal scores are included in the PDF ePlay and the book.


In this tale based on an African-American fable, Croesus and his brothers are on a search for success and money. They come up with the idea of finding and catching large numbers of deer, which would not only bring them success but would also help the people of the village. On their journey, they are warned many times about the witch Hecuba. With her crafty disguises, she runs into them on several occasions and continuously tries to be a road block on their path to success. The brothers become heroes in the village after bringing an end to Hecuba and her tricky ways.

Production Info

Cast: 5 total (2 female, 3 male, flexible casting, chorus and dancers)
Short Comedy (about 30 minutes)
Minimal Set Requirements
Period Costumes

Press Quotes

“CROESUS AND THE WITCH is designed as a children’s show, but it is one entertainment that families can enjoy.” —Mel Gussow, New York Times

About the Author


  • Vinnette Caroll

    Vinnette Carroll was a trailblazing actress, director, and playwright who was the first African-American woman to direct a production on Broadway. Carroll attended Long Island University (B.A., 1944) and New York University (M.A., 1946). Although she was educated in psychology and for a time worked as a clinical psychologist, she left the field to study for the theatre. She appeared in several student productions at the New School for Social Research (now New School University) and made her professional debut in 1948. She first appeared on Broadway in 1957. In 1962 she won an Obie Award for her role in Errol John’s MOON ON A RAINBOW SHAWL. A strong proponent of arts education, she founded in 1967 the Urban Arts Corps (renamed the Urban Arts Theater in 1980) to foster participation by minority groups in all aspects of the theatrical arts. She based her first play, TRUMPETS OF THE LORD (1963), a musical revue, on the work of poet James Weldon Johnson. The hit gospel revue DON’T BOTHER ME, I CAN’T COPE, conceived by Carroll and with music and lyrics by Micki Grant, opened on Broadway in 1972 with Carroll as director and was nominated for four Tony Awards. Her adaptation of The Gospel According to Matthew, YOUR ARMS TOO SHORT TO BOX WITH GOD (also in collaboration with Grant), opened on Broadway in 1976 and was nominated for four Tonys. As an actress, Carroll appeared in Up the Down Staircase (1967), Alice’s Restaurant (1969), and other films. She also worked in television, and in 1964 she received an Emmy Award for Beyond the Blues.

  • Micki Grant

    Micki Grant was a composer, lyricist, bookwriter, singer, and actor. With DON'T BOTHER ME, I CAN'T COPE in 1972, she became the first person to solely write book, music, lyrics and star in a Broadway musical. For the same show, she also became the first woman composer to win a Grammy for Best Score From an Original Cast Show Album. Her other Broadway writing credits include additional music and lyrics for YOUR ARMS TOO SHORT TO BOX WITH GOD (1976), songs for WORKING (1978), and IT'S SO NICE TO BE CIVILIZED (book, music, and lyrics, 1980). Her other writing work includes THE UPS AND DOWNS OF THEOPHILIS MAITLAND, CROESUS AND THE WITCH, STEP LIVELY, BOY, music and lyrics for J. E. Franklin's THE PRODIGAL SISTER (1974) and music and lyrics for PHILLIS (1986). She also wrote the English lyrics for JACQUES BREL BLUES. She received a Helen Hayes Award for her performance as Sadie Delaney in a two-year tour of HAVING OUR SAY (1996), which also ran six-weeks in Johannesburg, South Africa (1998). She is the recipient of the National Black Theatre Festival's Living Legend Award (1999) and the AUDELCO's Outstanding Pioneer Award in 2000. In February 2005, she was honored at the New Federal Theatre's 35th Anniversary Gala. Grant garnered an OBIE Award for music and lyrics; a Drama Desk Award for lyrics and performance; an NAACP Image Award; an Outer Critics Circle Award for music, lyrics, and performance; and five Tony nominations. In 2013, Micki Grant was awarded the Dramatists Guild's Lifetime Achievement Award.

About the Book

Book Information

Publisher BPPI
Publication Date 11/1/1984
Pages 190
ISBN 9780881450248

Special Notes

Special Notes

Licensees are required to include the original stage producers credits in the following form on the title page in all programs distributed in connection with performances of the Play and in all advertising in which the full cast appears in size of type not less than ten percent (10%) of the size of the title of the Play:
The following must appear within all programs distributed in connection with performances of the Play:
Croesus and the Witch is produced
by special arrangement with Broadway Play Publishing Inc, NYC